शीतला माता की जय – माई राणी देवीअ जे आधार – देवी मात की जय ।
SINDHI DIN VADI THADRI
Sindhi Customs, Traditions and Rituals
When is Sitala Saptami festival celebration in 2017?
When is Vadi Thadri Parva in 2017 in India and HK?
In 2017, Thadri – Śitalā Saptami is on the Monday 14th August.
When is Chhath in 2017? What is done on chhath tithi?
Lolā Pachain Chhath is on 13th August 2017.
Chhath tithi is the day when food is cooked for next day ‘Thadhri’.
After preparing food, prayers are performed and water is sprinkled on ‘Chulh’.
What is Sheetala – Sitalā Mātā Thadri Satain Poojā? When it occurs every year?
“Goddess Prayers takes place on the seventh tithi – ‘Satain’. ‘Chando’ Sprinkling of water on all family members is blessed, followed with eating ‘Lolā’ of Chathh tithi’s cooked food”. It is Sitala devi pooja on saptami (seventh day of Lunar Calendar Hindu Sindhi Savan param Baddo Krishna Paksh Sataein) during August or September annually.
What is Thadri Parva (festival)? What is its significance?
Thadhri is an important Sindhi Festival. It is called ‘Thadri’, or the cooling festival. Thadho means (cold). Food which is cooked one day earlier, is consumed ‘cold’ i.e. without heating it up. It is not only the food; but also one has to keep mind cool on this day. Blessing of Maa Śheetala is seeked for ‘being cool mentally and physically’.
What is meaning of Sawan mahino param Bhadrapad Krishna saptami Thadiri? Also meaning of Nandhi and Vadi Thadhri, Thadho, Thadho Rakhan, small-pox, measles? Which Sindhi names are termed literally? Which is english meaning of these terms?
The following are the Sindhi names: Nandhī Maaī, Vadi Maaī, Daasro or Daaso, Dabasûro, Laakhro, Saakhro, Sitalù, Saeiro, Śitalā (Sheetalaa), Pinjarī.
“Thadhri ٿَڌِڙيِ : 7th and 21st of Sawan سانَوڻُ (نَنڍيِ ٿَڌِڙيِ Nandhi Thadhri and وَڏِيِ ٿَڌِڙيِ
Vadi Thadhri respectively, dedicated by Hindus to the goddess of small pox when cold food is eaten). Thadho ٿَڌو : Cold, cool, cooling. Religious abstinence from fresh food, and eating of cold food only (as Thadho rakhan ٿَڌو رَکَڻُ،, thadho petu karan ٿڌو پيٽ ڪرڻ)”. Sitalu سِيتَلُ : Cold, cool, cooling. शीतला Sitala سِيتلا – سِيتَلُ : Pistia Stratiotes. Sitali, Śitalâ: small-pox, the goddess of small-pox, the goddess presiding over small-pox. Śitalā Kadhan سيتلا ڪڍڻ : To inoculate. Sitala Pooja (Pūja) سيتلا پوُجا : worship of the goddess Śitala. Śitalī: small-pox. Daasro or Daaso ڏاسِڙو يان ڏاسو : Meconium. Dabasuro دَٻِسُڙو : a slight kind of small-pox. Laakhiro لاکِڙو : a species of small-pox, chicken-pox. Saakhro ساکِڙو : cow-pox, or a cutaneous eruption. Saero سِئرو : a freckle from small-pox, a pock-mark. Panjari پَنجِڙيِ – Mātā Nikran ماتا نِڪرڻ : A species of small-pox or a certain form of the eruption. Maai مائيِ (Maayi): Mother; a respectful title in addressing a woman. The small-pox. Maai Nikran مائيِ نِڪرڻُ : to be attacked with small-pox. Sind سِنڌ : The country of Sind; a sea, a ocean. Sind سِنڌ or Sindhu Nadi سِنڌوُ نديِ : The river Indus. Sindhi سِنڌيِ : The Sindhi language. Sindhiyur سِنڌيِئر : one who talks and reads Sindhi; a Sindhi Scholar. Sampradaaya: Tradition. Panjiro (Panjro) پَنجِڙو : A kind of verse in praise of the river god. Loli Diyan لوليِ ڏيڻ : To sing a lullaby. Loli لوليِ : A lullaby, song to still babes. Who was Sant Kanwarram (Bhagat Kanwar)? What is the story of his lullaby, mata jo oraano? Loloo لولو : A small cake patted with hands and baked. Oraanaa or Olaano اوراڻا – اوراڻو : Singing in praise of Devi before a child attacked with small-pox; a lullaby”.
Which is a well-known Mata Oraano? The following is the Devi Mata’s orano:
‘Thaar Mata Thaar Pehinje Bachran khe Thaar,
Mata Agye Bhi Thaaryo Thayi, Haane Bhi Thaar’.
Why Thadri Parva is celebrated?
Thadri is called Satain – Vadi Sataein, Sheetala – Sitalā Saptmi – Thadho – Vadi Thadri. It is celebrated seven days after the Raksha Bandhan, Narial Purnima, Satyanarayan. It takes place on the 7th Tithi of Sāvan Krishna Paksha. Many a time, the same night of seventh tithi (sataein), there is also an ashtami tithi i.e. the night 12 (24:00 hrs.) Śri Krishna Janam (birth of Lord Krishna) Ashtami is there. That night when Sri Vasudevji took Krishna to Yashodha and Nanda by crossing the rainy flooded river. And earlier Maya emerged.
There is also an celebration of Sri Krishna Janmashtami utsav festival (next day), when everyone came to know that Yashoda has given the birth to a son. Everyone joined with happy and joyous recitation, ‘Nanda Ke Aanand Bhayo, Jay Kanhaiyalal Ki. Haathi diyne, ghore diyne, aur diyni paalaki, Jay Kanhaiyaa Lal ki’. When is Krishna Janam and next day Janmashtami festival celebration in 2017? Krishna Janam is on 14th August 2017. And next day is Śri Krishna Janmashtami festival celebration which is Tuesday 15th August 2017. The Sindhi Hindu Lunar Calendar Sāvan Mahine Ji Undhāi Satain Tithi i.e. 7th digit of the moon of Shrāvan month’s Darker Fortnight. It occurs during August or September every year.
Whenever people used to get small pox or chicken pox. They used cold food and people prayed to Devi Mata. The mother goddess Devi is worshipped in various forms, Śhitalā, being the small-pox goddess, is worshipped by Sindhis in Bharat (India) Hong Kong and all over world wherever Sindhi community is residing.
Which are the food preparations of Sindhi festival of thadri parva on sixth day?
Which are the pooja preparations of thadhri parva on Saptami and Chhath?
What is Chulh, Chulaa, chulho, Sigri? What is Chhath tithi? What is akhri,
tikriyun prayer of Sindhi tradition, rituals of Thadri in India and Hong Kong?
On Chhath (sixth day) Meetho Lolo, Dal jo Lolo and curd, boondi raita is prepared for consuming it on the next day of the festival. Lolas, Loli, Akhri and thikriyun are prepared and chana dal is also soaked. After cooking food, of Chulh, Chulaa, chulho pooja is conducted for making the agni cool. On the Saptami which is seventh day ‘Thadri – Sitala Saptami festival’s cold cooked food ‘lolas’ and other food is offered for prayers and also used for ones consumption. And akhri, tikriyoon are touched on eyes for prayers reciting:
‘ Laakhro Saakhro, Wadi Maai, Nandhi Maai, Langhe Payi Paar;
Devi Rani Tu Thadho Kar Thaar.’
When is next Sindhi Festival Vadi Thadiri – Mā Shitlā Poojan celebration during 2018, 2027 in India and Hong Kong?
In 2018, Sindhi festival of Vadi Thadiri-Vadi Sataein and Krishna Janam – birth is dated Sunday 2nd September 2018 in Bharat (India), Hong Kong and worldwide.
In 2027, Sindhi festival Vadi Thadiri – Vadi Sataein and Krishna Janam-birth is on Tuesday 24th August 2027 in Bharat (India) and Hong Kong.
Sheetala Mātā Ki Jai – Jai Mātā Di
Thadri – Vadi Satain Ji Wādhāyun
What is significance and the similarity of ‘Thadri’ Sindhi Sheetala Saptami – Satain Parva festival and Rajasthani-Marvari ‘Vaaseda’ Sheetala Ashtami festival?
The following are the similarities and significance of Sheetala Saptami and Sheetala Ashtami Parva Celebration:
- Sindhis as well as Rajasthanis celebrate Sheetala devi festival.
- Pooja Sangraha by Kiranji for Sheetalashtami reads, “Sheetal (literary ‘cool’) food that has been cooked a day in advance is had. One is not supposed to do any cooking on this day”. Sindhi observance of Sitala Saptami meaning in Sindhi English dictionary of Parmanand Mewaram reads, “dedicated by Hindus to the goddess of small pox when cold food is eaten”.
- Both community offer prayers to Goddess Sheetala in order to appease goddess. It is for blessings for health (i.e. free from small-pox).
- On the particular day of Sitala poojan festival, fire is not supposed to be lit at home. Both communities observe such a tradition.
Which ‘month’ and ‘tithi’ Sheetala pooja is performed by Sindhis and Rajasthanis-Marvaris and which is the puja vidhi (prayer procedure)?
For Sindhis Sheetala prayer festival – Vadi Thadri is in ‘Sawan param Baddo – Bhadrapad Krishna Paksha’ ‘Saptami tithi’ during ‘August and September’ on ‘seventh day’. On the Satain (seventh tithi) Sheetala pooja (Sitala) food offering and ‘food consumption’ takes place. But, on the chhath tithi (sixth day i.e. one day before) ‘food preparation’. And prayers of agni ‘Chulh’ is performed. So, both day prayers are there. Hence, on the sixth day (sixth tithi) food is prepared for consuming it on the next day. And Saptami (seventh day) not to lit the fire in home for cooking.
Whereas, Rajasthanis Sheetala prayer festival is celebrated on ‘Ashtami tithi’ of ‘Chaitra masa vadi (Krishna Paksha)’ during March or April every year.
Other than annual Thadri festival; when Sindhis used to pray Sitala devi?
Small pox or chicken pox ماتا نڪرڻ : Whenever people used to get small-pox or chicken-pox (Nandhi mata or Vadi Mata). They used cold food and people prayed to Devi Mata. The mother goddess Devi is worshipped in various forms, Śhitalā, being the small-pox goddess, is worshipped by Sindhis in Bharat (India), Hong Kong and all over world wherever Sindhi community is residing.
Whereas Rajasthanis worshipped Goddess Sheetala on the ‘ashtami tithi’ of Krishna Paksha (dark fortnight) in Chaitra masa (month) which occurs during March or April every year.
What is Vaaseda – Basoda puja?
Vaaseda (Basoda) pooja is dedicated to goddess Śheetalā शीतला.
When is next Sheetala Ashtami – Vaaseda (Basoda) puja in India and HK in 2018, 2019?
In 2018, next Sheetala Ashtami – Vaaseda (Basoda) festival is on Friday 9th March in India and HK.In 2019, next Sheetala Ashtami – Vaaseda (Basoda) festival is on Thursday 28th March in India & HK.
सिन्धी दि॒णु वदी॒ थधड़ी – शीतला सतऐं
सतऐं – थधड़ी सूमर १४ आगस्ट २०१७
सिन्धी दि॒णु वदी॒ थधड़ी – शीतला सतऐं २०१७ में कद॒हिं आहे?
२०१७ में सिन्धी दि॒णु वदी॒ थधड़ी – शीतला सतऐं सूमर १४ आगस्ट ते आहे ।
लोला पचाईणु छठ २०१७ में कद॒हिं आहे?
२०१७ में लोला पचाईणु छठ १३ आगस्ट ते आहे ।
थधड़ी थदड़ी – शीतला माता पूजन कद॒हिं ऐं कींअं कबो आहे?
शीतला माता पूजन:
“सावण जे ऊंधाही छठ तिथि ते लोला पचाऐ चुल्ह ठारिबी आहे ।
सतऐं तिथि ते हिकु दी॒हुं अगु॒वाट पचियलु लोला-टिकियूं रखी
शीतला माता जी पूजा कबी आहे ।
ऐं सतऐं ते सभिनी नंढनि, वद॒नि खे छंडो हणी थधो खाईबो आहे ।”
थधड़ी माना ‘थधो’ । अजु थधड़ी माता सां प्रार्थना आहे त मन मस्तिष्क शांत ‘थधो’ रहे, ठरिइल रहे । खाइणि पीइणि गाल्हाइण सभ थधो हुजे । थधे ठरियलि शांत मन सां असां दुनिया जी वडे खा वडी मुश्किल असान करे सघंदा आहियूं ।
“ठार माता ठार पहिंजे ब॒चड़नि खे ठार,
माता अगे॒ भी ठारियो थई हाणे भी ठार…”
सिन्धी दि॒णु वदी॒ थधड़ी – शीतला सतऐं २०१८,२०२७ में कद॒हिं कद॒हिं आहे?
२०१८ में, सिन्धी दि॒णु वदी॒ थधड़ी – शीतला सतऐं आरतवार २ सेप्टेंबर ते आहे ।
२०२७ में सिन्धी दि॒णु वदी॒ थधड़ी – शीतला सतऐं मंगलवार २४ आगस्ट ते आहे ।
थधड़ीअ जू वाधायूँ !
— ॐ —
सिंधी ‘थधड़ी पर्व‘ महत्व
थधड़ी (थदड़ी) शब्द का सिंधी भाषा में क्या अर्थ है?
थधड़ी (थदड़ी) शब्द का सिंधी भाषा में अर्थ है ‘ठंडी, शीतल’ ।
रात को सोने से पूर्व चूल्हे पर जल छिड़क कर हाथ जोड़कर पूजा की जाती है । इस तरह चूल्हा ठंडा किया जाता है । और दूसरे दिन पूरा दिन घरों में चूल्हा नहीं जलता है एवं एक दिन पहले बनाया ठंडा खाना ही खाया जाता है । थदड़ी पर्व मनाकर ठंडा खाना खाया जाता है ।
मां की स्तुति गान कर दुआ मांगी जाती है, कि वे शीतल रहें :
“ठार माता ठार पहिंजे ब॒चड़नि खे ठार,
माता अगे॒ भी ठारियो थई हाणे भी ठार ।“
इसका तात्पर्य यह है कि,
‘हे माता मेरे बच्चों को ‘शीतलता’ देना ।
आपने पहले भी ऐसा किया है आगे भी ऐसा करना ।
سِنڌيِ ڏِڻ و ڏِ يِ ٿــڌِ ڙيِ
وڏِيِ ٿڌريِ سومر تاريخ ۱۴ آگسٽ ۲۰۱۷
۽ لولا پچائڻُ ڇٺ ۱۳ آگسٽ ۲۰۱۷
ساوڻ جي اونداھيِ ڇـٺ تِـٿ تي لولا پچائي چُلھـ ٺاربيِ آھي. ۽ ستين تِـٿ
تي اِنهن لولن ۽ جيِ ـ ماتا جيِ پوُجا ٿينديِ آھي. ستين تي ننڍن
وڏن کي ڇندو ھـڻيِ ٿـڌو کائبو آھي.
نَنڍيِ مائيِ، وَڏِيِ مائيِ، ڏاسِڙو يان ڏاسو، دَٻِسُڙو، لاکِڙو، ساکِڙو سِيتَلُ، سِئرو، سِيتلا، پَنجِڙيِ
شيتلا ماتا کي نمسڪار ـ ديويِ ماتا جيِ جي
Acknowledgment: Special thanks to the Pujya Dada Kishinchand Jetley’s (alias Maharaj Kishinchand Topanlal Jetley) works and its publication by Sindhiology. History of Sindhi Literature, Sindhi dictionary of Sri Parmanand Mewaram and other dictionaries and panchangs. Sanskrit English dictionary of Apteji, and M. William. Shri Vanketeshwar Shatabdi Panchangam (Akhil Bharatvarshayut sukshma drishya ganitayutam); For my pooja room – Pooja Sangraha by Kiran Agarwal, Different sources of knowledge and to all who imparted knowledge such as Pujya Balchand M. Bharadwaj, Pujya Smt. Satidevi and Shri Ramchand K. Sharma, Pujya Ramchand Shandilya, Pujya Katyayanidutt A.Shandilya, Pujya Lachhmandas K. Sharma, Pujya Gagiram R. Sharma, Pujya Shri Jethanand Sharma, Pujya Smt. And Shri Murlidhar D. Sharma, Maharaj Pandit Shri Ramesh Parsram Sharma, and others not listed here. Also due thanks to my wife Pooja and son Jay.
other questions asked: When and why Sitala Saptami (Satain – Vadi Thadri) festival, chhath and Randhan Chhath is being celebrated annually? Who celebrates Sitala Saptami other than Sindhi community in India, Hong Kong and other parts in overseas? What is Basora? Who and why Basora is celebrated annually? Is there any significance to celebrate Sitala Saptami, Lolaa Pachain, Randhan Chhath, Basora? Who was Jethmal Parsram and why he resigned from his job of schoolmaster? What is Vadi Thadri and Nandhi Thadri? Who celebrates Thadhri Parva in India, Hong Kong and worldwide? What is meaning of (Vadi Thadhri, Nandhi Thadhri – Vadi Satain and Nandhi Satain)? What is Sitala Saptami? Who is Sheetala devi? Why is she prayed? What is measles? What is term Pistia Stratiotes? What is small-pox? What is chicken-pox? When is next Thadri parva (Sataein) in 2018 in India/Hong Kong? When is next Kutumbini and Arama-Sitala festival in 2018 and 2019? Who celebrates it?
Jethmal Parsram was a school master from 1902 to 1911. History of Sindhi Literature by L. H. Ajwani reads, “He resigned his job to protest against compulsory vaccination of children against smallpox.” What was found in an ancient history of Sind of Harappa and Mohan-do-daro? Which are the temples of Sheetala devi in India and overseas? In India, in Mumbai Sitala Devi Temple is there and in other parts of Maharashtra; in Kota, Jodhpur – Rajasthan and different parts of India the temples are dedicated to Ma Sheetala.
पंडित ईश्वर शर्मा
Ishwar Maharaj – Pandit Ishwar Sharma
Hindu Priest, Hong Kong
Hong Kong Address : P.O.Box 12637, Central, Hong Kong
E-mail: [email protected]
Hong Kong Mobile : 9498 7557
Hindu Community : Ceremonies, rites, and rituals are performed by Ishwar Maharaj – Pandit as and when required for those devotees in need for different poojas and prayers.